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(评分3-3-3)Why Literature Matters

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发表于 2018-3-9 09:30:02 来自手机 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Through his essay “Why Literature Matters,” Dana Gioia presents the declining of reading and argues the potential consequences that it may lead to. His cause is made stronger with uses of contrast, survey data, and a call for action.

The contrast in the first paragraph catches the readers’ attention. Gioia opens his argument by addressing the improvements of the past century -- higher income, college attendance, and more access to information. This signals that in the fields of technology and academics, America is moving at a very fast pace, which makes the United States a very prosperous. However, the author then took an 180 degree turn -- “While income rose to unforeseen levels...the interest young Americans showed in the arts -- and especially literature -- actually diminished.” He argues that literature and other forms of art have not only been slower in progress, but they may be slowly worsening. The sharp contrast and the juxtaposition of prosperity next to deterioration causes certain questions to be raised. Why did literature lack behind while everything else advances? This serves as a hook for the readers to keep reading and find out more about this issue.

Right away, in the second paragraph, Gioia presents many hard data that serve as stone proof for his arguments. He mentions “the 2002 Survey,” “decline for eight of the nine,” “most severe among younger adults (ages 18-24)” that reveals the current situation of literacy in United States. These alarmingly high percentages demonstrate that literature has not just lacked by a little, but so large an amount that more attention must be paid to this so appropriate measures could be taken before all is too late. The author goes on to provide more statistical references in paragraphs five and six, in which he stated, “38 percent of employers complained that local schools inadequately taught reading comprehension.” This issue has expanded from a matter of personal preference to standardized education, and the author further elaborates on the data by stating the dangers with a serious tone. When more than a third of the country’s population is possibly illiterate, it is no longer a trivial matter. Action must be taken.

Gioia calls for action after stating all of the consequences of reading declination. He states, “It is time to bring literature and the other arts into discussions of public policy.” With the pass of every second, the problem with decline in reading becomes more severe, and the author’s earnest cry for help reveals his care for and loyalty to his nation, for all he wants is the betterment of the United States. This appeal to pathos in addition to his previous appeal to logos with data make his argument convincing -- that yes, the nation cannot afford to lose this skill because it is depended upon by so many other factors. It also lets those who are literate feel grateful that they have not lost the skill, and give them an impetus to further develop that skill.

By using contrast, providing data, and calling for action, Dana Gioia makes a strong point about the dangers of a decline in reading.
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发表于 2018-3-9 16:10:28 | 显示全部楼层
Through his essay “Why Literature Matters,” Dana Gioia presents the declining of reading and argues the potential consequences that it may lead to. His cause is made stronger with uses of contrast, survey data, and a call for action.

The contrast in the first paragraph catches the readers’ attention. Gioia opens his argument by addressing the improvements of the past century -- higher income, college attendance, and more access to information. This signals that in the fields of technology and academics, America is moving at a very fast pace, which makes the United States a very prosperous nation. However, the author then took an 180 degree turn -- “While income rose to unforeseen levels...the interest young Americans showed in the arts -- and especially literature -- actually diminished.” He argues that literature and other forms of art have not only been slower in progress, but they may be slowly worsening. The sharp contrast and the juxtaposition of prosperity next to deterioration causes certain questions to be raised. Why did literature lack behind while everything else advances? This serves as a hook for the readers to keep reading and find out more about this issue. 本段contrast缺乏深入分析,比如给读者带来震撼,强调问题的严峻性等,同时也是跟正文后面的几个分论点文学的重要性形成强烈反差。

Right away, in the second paragraph, Gioia presents many hard data that serve as stone proof for his arguments. He mentions “the 2002 Survey,” “decline for eight of the nine,” “most severe among younger adults (ages 18-24)” that reveals the current situation of literacy in the United States. These alarmingly high percentages demonstrate that literature has not just lacked by a little, but so large an amount that more attention must be paid to this(指代不明,需添加issue) so appropriate measures could be taken before all is too late.(本句句式杂糅,前面转接后面顺接,建议另起一句) The author goes on to provide more statistical references in paragraphs five and six, in which he stated, “38 percent of employers complained that local schools inadequately taught reading comprehension.” This issue has expanded from a matter of personal preference to standardized education, and the author further elaborates on the data by stating the dangers with a serious tone. When more than a third of the country’s population is possibly illiterate, it is no longer a trivial matter. Action must be taken. 本段分析建议添加有关数据权威的套话,比如增强说服力等。

Gioia calls for action after stating all of the consequences of reading declination. He states, “It is time to bring literature and the other arts into discussions of public policy.” With the pass of every second, the problem with decline in reading becomes more severe, and the author’s earnest cry for help reveals his care for and loyalty to his nation, for all he wants is the betterment of the United States. This appeal to pathos in addition to his previous appeal to logos with data make his argument convincing -- that yes, the nation cannot afford to lose this skill because it is depended upon by so many other factors(表意不清). It also lets those who are literate feel grateful that they have not lost the skill, and give them an impetus to further develop that skill.

By using contrast, providing data, and calling for action, Dana Gioia makes a strong point about the dangers of a decline in reading.未能准确概括主旨和重要细节,要强调阅读文学的减少对整个社会的影响,具体包括三个。


本文字数偏少,474个词。阅读:3分;分析:3分;写作:3分
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